Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol or wood alcohol, is a colorless, volatile liquid with the chemical formula CH3OH. It is the simplest alcohol and consists of a methyl group (-CH3) attached to a hydroxyl group (-OH). Methanol is highly soluble in water and has a characteristic odor.
Methanol is primarily produced through the catalytic reaction of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, known as the synthesis gas process.
Methanol is a crucial raw material in the synthesis of various chemicals. It is used as a feedstock in the production of formaldehyde, acetic acid, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), dimethyl ether (DME), and other important organic compounds. These chemicals have applications in the manufacturing of plastics, resins, solvents, synthetic fibers, adhesives, and pharmaceuticals.
Methanol is widely used as a solvent in various industries. It is valued for its ability to dissolve a wide range of substances, making it useful in chemical reactions, manufacturing processes, and as a cleaning agent. Methanol is commonly utilized as a solvent in pharmaceutical production, pesticide formulation, and laboratory applications.
Methanol plays a role in the pharmaceutical industry. It is used as a solvent in the production of medications and drugs, particularly for formulations that require high solubility or rapid dissolution rates. Methanol can also be utilized in the extraction and purification of certain active pharmaceutical ingredients.